Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Remedies

Anxiety Treatment Remedies


The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety disorders, contrary to normal anxiety, cause distress (psychological suffering) and affect one’s ability to live normally.

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by invariant fears and worries that distract an individual from carrying on his day-to-day activities.

Persons diagnosed with GAD have been described as chronic worrywarts with physical symptoms such as fatigue, restlessness, stomach upsets, and insomnia.

Panic disorder manifests as recurrent panic attacks and fear of suffering from another episode.

Persons diagnosed with Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience unwanted thoughts, uncontrollable compulsions, and other behaviours that may not be easy to control or stop.

Performance anxiety is one example of Social anxiety disorder.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be thought of as extreme anxiety disorder that follows a life-threatening or traumatic event. Symptoms of Post-traumatic stress disorder nightmares (flashbacks), hypervigilance, and withdrawal.

Phobias on the other hand refer to exaggerated, often unrealistic fear of a certain object, situation, or activity that actually poses little or no danger in reality.

A combination of a number of ‘biopsychosocial’ factors, such as genetic vulnerability, interacts with stress, situations, or trauma to give birth to clinically significant syndromes.

Symptoms of anxiety vary from one form of anxiety disorder to another.

Treatment options involve a combination of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy.

Anxiety Symptoms

Some persons diagnosed with anxiety disorder have complained of irritability, fatigue, and restlessness.

An individual may also experience dizziness, short breath, and a rapid heartbeat.

Sometimes, one may also experience nausea, sweating, and diarrhoea.

Children with anxiety disorders lose their confidence and feel extremely anxious.

Some of the most prominent emotional symptoms of anxiety disorder include feelings of apprehension, inability to concentrate, anticipation of the worst, blank mind, restlessness, and tension.

Persons with anxiety attacks (panic attacks) will experience overwhelming panic, hyperventilation, hot flashes and chills, stomach cramps, choking sensation, and chest pains.

Anxiety Causes

Anxiety is a product of an interaction of several factors that include brain circuits (changes within the brain) and environmental stress.

Severe stress affects the transmission of information by nerve cells from one point of the brain to the other.

Studies have shown that changes in the proper functioning of a person’s brain circuits may cause anxiety.

Similar studies have also showed that alteration of a person’s brain structures responsible for controlling memories associated with strong emotions may also result in anxiety.

Anxiety disorders can also be passed on from one family to another.

Anxiety is also linked to side effects of some medications.

Illicit drugs such as amphetamines, heroin or cocaine used as intoxicants may also induce anxiety.

The withdrawal of an individual from illegal drugs like opiates, or prescription drugs such as barbiturates or benzodiazepines may also lead to anxiety.

When stressed with a serious medical illness, it is also possible for a person to experience anxiety.

Lack of oxygen as witnessed in emphysema and pulmonary embolism, a person may suffer anxiety.

A physical health problem or illness can trigger anxiety or complicate the treatment of anxiety.

Different forms of abuse including sexual, emotional, physical, or verbal abuse may also trigger anxiety.

Some cases of anxiety have also been linked to the loss of a loved one.

It is also important to note that persons with a family history of anxiety are at a higher risk of anxiety than those without.

Anxiety Diagnosis

Diagnosis for anxiety relies on physical and psychological symptoms reported by a patient.

For correct diagnosis, the mental health provider should adequately understand his patient’s symptoms.

For a person to be diagnosed with anxiety, he or she should have experienced the symptoms of anxiety for at least 6 months.

A mental health provider may seek to know a person’s symptoms and medical history to diagnose anxiety. Your doctor may ask detailed questions regarding the patient’s symptoms.

Sometimes, psychological questionnaires are employed by mental health providers to facilitate acquisition of information regarding a person’s symptoms.

To facilitate diagnosis, physical examinations and blood tests may be carried out by your mental health provider to rule out conditions with signs and symptoms similar to those of anxiety.

You are advised to visit a mental health provider if you have experienced suicidal thoughts, you feel depressed, or you have constant panic worry.

Anxiety Treatment

Research has shown that certain chemical alterations occur in the brains of persons diagnosed with anxiety disorders.

Specific changes have been reported to occur in a person’s brain's chemicals. Such chemicals include noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin.

To correct the reported imbalance of chemical information between the brain’s nerve cells, mental health providers recommend the use of Antidepressant medication.

Antidepressants regulate the activity of neurotransmitters (brain chemicals). Antidepressants recommended to treat GAD include venlafaxine (Effexor), Paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft).

Psychological counselling (psychotherapy) is also an effective treatment approach for anxiety. It is a short-term treatment approach that helps persons diagnosed with anxiety to cope with life stresses.

Alternative medicine for anxiety includes supplements designed to relieve anxiety.

The most common supplements used to relieve anxiety include Kava, Valeran, vitamin B, and Folic acid.

Valerian, which is sedative, is recommended for use as a sleep aid.

Food also plays a key role in maintaining a person’s mental as well as physical health. A nourishing diet is therefore very crucial in fighting anxiety.

Doctors may also suggest specific nourishing diets to boost the mood of a person diagnosed with anxiety and to ensure a healthy brain.

Studies have also confirmed that exercises are effective in managing mild and moderate anxiety.

By keeping active, a person can lift his mood, improve his sleep, and boost energy levels.

With exercises, individuals can choke up negative thoughts, promote the need to socialize with others, and improve on their general wellbeing.

With exercises, one can also change the levels of the various chemicals in his brain.

Anxiety Prevention

Practising relaxation techniques which include progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness meditation, and deep breathing may help fight anxiety symptoms and boost feelings of relaxation as well as emotional well-being.

Adopting a healthy eating habit and ensuring that you have the right amount of blood sugar will help you feel less anxious.

Studies have also shown that abuse of substances such as alcohol, caffeine, or nicotine puts one at a higher risk of anxiety.

Mental health providers insist on the need to reduce alcohol intake and other substances that may aggravate anxiety risks.

Regular exercises help keep anxiety risks at bay.

Some persons diagnosed with anxiety were found to have denied themselves of enough sleep. Failure to get enough sleep promotes anxious thoughts leaving you at a much higher risk of anxiety.

Mental health providers recommend 7 to 9 hours of sleep every night.

For those who have trouble sleeping, they are advised to engage in a decompressing activity right before bedtime. Try listening to soft music.

There are a number of calming practices that one can engage in to prevent anxiety. Enrolling for a a yoga class could be the trick.

Anxiety Statistics & Facts

Anxiety disorders spring up from a complex mix of risk factors, including brain chemistry, personality, genetics, and life events.

Generalized anxiety disorder affects 3.1 percent of the U.S. population, which translates to about 6.8 million adults.

Social anxiety disorder affects about 6.8 percent of the U.S. population, which is about 15 million adults.

Phobia on the hand affects 8.7 percent of the U.S. population, an estimate of 19 million adults.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) affects 3.5 percent of the U.S. population, an estimate of 7.7 million people.

Major Depressive Disorder affects about 14.8 million adults in the U.S alone.

Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) affects about 1.5 percent of the U.S. population.

Generalized anxiety disorder is the most prominent anxiety disorder that affects older adults.

Anxiety disorders can be treated.

Women are more likely to be affected by anxiety than their male counterparts. Studies have shown that the likelihood of women to experience anxiety is 60 percent compared to men’s likelihood of 40 percent.

Anxiety affects and alters the way an individual thinks, feels, and leads his life.

Anxiety affects 3.3 percent of children and young adults in the UK alone.

Highest levels of anxiety cases are reported in people currently in their middle ages (people aged between 35 and 59 years).

It is believed that persons in older age groups are happier and less anxious compared to those in younger age groups.

Cases of anxiety in unemployed people are much higher than those reported in employed people

Low income groups are at a higher risk of experiencing anxiety than higher income groups.

Studies have also shown that 1 in every 5 people experiences anxiety.

Financial issues remain the largest cause of anxiety.

Research has revealed that the likelihood of experiencing anxiety reduces with increasing age.

Individuals who suffer from anxiety have a very high proclivity for drug abuse as well as addictions.

About 86 percent of persons with anxiety disorders either do not go for treatment, or make use of treatments incapable of stopping anxiety.

About one fifth of persons experiencing anxiety, are faced with the fear of unemployment.

Recreational drugs can also be used by persons diagnosed with anxiety to cope with the disorder.

Anxiety Treatment Remedies plus

The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is a normal response to stress that may be beneficial in certain situations.

Every person at some point feels nervous, anxious, or uneasy when faced with some problem. Work-related problems, exams, and many other factors may lead to anxiety.

Some people may experience excessive anxiety which may affect their daily lives negatively if not controlled. In such a case, that person’s reaction to stress becomes an anxiety disorder.

The different types of anxiety disorders include obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder, disinhibited social engagement disorder and specific phobias.

Severe anxiety that is ongoing and a hindrance to one’s daily activities is categorized as generalized anxiety disorder.

Social anxiety disorder (social phobia) can be described as extreme shyness characterized by an enfeebling fear of being viewed negatively by other people or being humiliated in public.

Anxiety Symptoms

Anxiety disorder is characterized by fear, uneasiness, and feelings of panic.

Persons diagnosed with anxiety disorder experience obsessions about certain things and suffer constant and repeated worrying.

Physical symptoms include cold and sweaty hands, dry mouth, muscle aches, and muscle tension.

Other physical signs and symptoms of anxiety are stomach upset, insomnia, headache, tremors and twitches, sweating and a pounding heart.

Persons with anxiety disorder have trouble sleeping.

Anxiety Causes

Anxiety can be triggered by a number of external factors such as a stressful job, personal relationships, financial stress, and many others.

Heavy use of substances (sedatives, cannabis, alcohol, amphetamines) may cause anxiety especially as the effects of such substances deteriorate.

Individuals confronted with an ongoing stressful event such as pregnancy and the idea of giving birth are at a higher risk of anxiety.

Continuing physical illnesses such as diabetes, asthma, heart disease, or hormonal problems may lead to anxiety.

Anxiety Treatment

The most common drug prescribed to help persons with anxiety to deal with panic attacks in the short-term are Benzodiazepines.

Benzodiazepines help lessen tension without necessarily making persons diagnosed with anxiety drowsy. These drugs are not long-term solutions because of their addictiveness.

The other anti-anxiety medication is Buspirone recommended for long-term use.

Kava is a herb that relaxes persons with anxiety by making them to feel sedated. However, this herb should not be used by persons with liver problems.

Vitamin B and Folic acid are nutrients used to boost production of chemicals necessary for the proper functioning of the brain.

pub 48 Diagnosing and Treating

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