Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Remedies

Hemorrhoids Treatment Remedies


The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids may result from increased pressure on the veins around the anus and rectum during pregnancy.

Hemorrhoids may result from straining during bowel movements.

Hemorrhoid cushions are vascular structures in the anal canal that help with stool control.

Hemorrhoids become pathological, or piles, when they become swollen and inflamed.

In the normal state, hemorrhoids act as a cushion composed of arteriovenous channels and connective tissue.

Healthy hemorrhoid cushions are important for continence.

When a person bears down, intra-abdominal pressure grows, increasing the size of hemorrhoid cushions to help keep the anus closed.

Hemorrhoid symptoms result when the healthy vascular structures slide downwards or when venous pressure is excessively increased.

Hemorrhoid Causes

Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet may be a factor in the development of hemorrhoids.

Anal intercourse can cause hemorrhoids due to direct pressure in the anal and rectal areas.

Age is a factor in the development of hemorrhoids because the tissues that support the veins in the rectum and anus tend to weaken and stretch with aging.

Hemorrhoid Symptoms

Bleeding during bowel movements is the most common sign of hemorrhoids.

Sometimes hemorrhoids can cause lumps around the anus that can be sensitive or painful.

Hemorrhoids may cause accidental leakage of feces (bowel movements).

Hemorrhoid symptoms depend on the location of the hemorrhoids.

Internal hemorrhoids may not cause discomfort because they are located inside the rectum.

You usually can't see or feel internal hemorrhoids.

Straining or irritation when passing a stool can damage a hemorrhoids delicate surface and cause it to bleed,

Straining during a bowel movement can push an internal hemorrhoid through the anal opening.

When an internal hemorrhoid pushes through the anal opening, it is called a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid.

Protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoids can cause pain and irritation.

External hemorrhoids itch or bleed when irritated.

Pooling of blood from a bleeding external hemorrhoid can lead to blood clot.

A blood clot that forms from a bleeding external hemorrhoid can cause severe pain, swelling and inflammation.

Hemorrhoid Diagnosis

Because rectal bleeding can occur with other diseases, it is important to rule out other potential diagnoses.

Rectal bleeding is also a symptom of colorectal cancer and anal cancer, so it is important not to assume that bleeding is due to hemorrhoids without consulting a doctor.

Your doctor can perform a physical examination and other tests to diagnose hemorrhoids and rule out more serious conditions and disease.

If hemorrhoid symptoms are accompanied by a marked change in bowel movements this could indicate a more serious problem.

Black, tarry or maroon stools, or passing blood clots signal more extensive bleeding somewhere else in the digestive tract.

Your doctor may be able to see if you have external hemorrhoids by performing a simple physical examination of the anal area.

During a digital rectal exam a doctor can feel for anything unusual, such as growths that would indicate internal hemorrhoids.

Internal hemorrhoids are often too soft to be felt during a rectal exam, so your doctor may examine the lower portion of your colon and anus.

Your doctor may use an anoscope, proctoscope and/or sigmoidoscope to see into your anus and rectum.

If you have hemorrhoids your doctor may want to do a more extensive examination of your entire colon using colonoscopy.

Colonoscopy may be used during the diagnosis of hemorrhoids if your signs and symptoms suggest you have another digestive system disease.

Colonoscopy may be indicated if you have symptoms of hemorrhoids along with other risk factors for colorectal cancer.

If you're older than age 50 and haven't had a recent colonoscopy, your doctor may perform a colonoscopy if you have symptoms of hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoid Treatment

Lifestyle modifications can be an important part of managing hemorrhoids.

Medications or surgical procedures may be necessary to treat some cases of hemorrhoids.

Over-the-counter products used to treat hemorrhoids usually contain ingredients that temporarily relieve pain and itching.

Over-the-counter products used to treat hemorrhoids typically contain ingredients such as witch hazel or hydrocortisone.

People with hemorrhoids should not use over-the-counter products for more than a week unless directed by a doctor.

Side effects of over-the-counter products used to treat hemorrhoids can include skin rash, inflammation and skin thinning.

If a blood clot has formed within an external hemorrhoid, a doctor may remove the clot with a simple incision to provide immediate relief.

For persistent bleeding or painful hemorrhoids, your doctor may recommend one of a number of minimally invasive procedures.

Minimally invasive procedures to treat hemorrhoids can be performed in a doctor's office or another outpatient setting.

Rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat internal hemorrhoids.

During a rubber band ligation a doctor places one or two tiny rubber bands around the base of an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its circulation.

An internal hemorrhoid withers and falls off within a week following a rubber band ligation.

Rubber band ligation of hemorrhoids, also called hemorrhoid banding, can be uncomfortable and may cause temporary bleeding.

Rubber band ligation is an effective treatment for many people with hemorrhoids.

Sclerotherapy for hemorrhoids involves injecting a chemical solution into hemorrhoid tissue to shrink the vein.

Sclerotherapy has fewer side effects than hemorrhoid banding but may be less effective.

Coagulation uses laser or infrared light or heat to harden and shrivel small, bleeding internal hemorrhoids.

Coagulation has few side effects but is associated with a higher rate of recurrence of hemorrhoids than hemorrhoid banding.

Doctors may recommend a surgical procedure for patients with large hemorrhoids.

Surgical procedures for hemorrhoids may be performed in an outpatient setting or involve an overnight hospital stay.

A hemorrhoidectomy involves removing excessive hemorrhoid tissue that is causing bleeding.

Hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective and complete way to treat severe or recurring hemorrhoids.

Complications of hemorrhoidectomy include temporary difficulty emptying your bladder and urinary tract infections.

Hemorrhoid stapling is another surgical procedure used to treat hemorrhoids, and is less painful with less downtime than a traditional hemorrhoidectomy.

Hemorrhoid stapling has been associated with a greater risk or recurrence and rectal prolapse than traditional hemorrhoid surgery.

Hemorrhoid Prevention

The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep the stools soft so that they pass easily.

Eating high-fiber foods helps prevent hemorrhoids because they soften the stool, increase stool bulk so you avoid straining.

Drinking six to eight glasses of water and other liquids (not alcohol) each day helps keep stools soft and prevents development of hemorrhoids.

Fiber supplements can be an effective way to prevent hemorrhoids.

Most people don't get enough of the recommended amount of fiber in their diet, which makes them more likely to get hemorrhoids.

Studies have shown that over-the-counter fiber supplements help keep stools soft and regular and can improve overall symptoms and bleeding from hemorrhoids.

If you use fiber supplements to manage hemorrhoids, be sure to drink at least 8 glasses of water or fluids every day to prevent constipation, which could make hemorrhoids worse.

Avoid straining during bowel movements to prevent increased pressure than can cause hemorrhoids.

Go to the bathroom to pass a bowel movement as soon as you feel the urge, because delaying bowel movements can make stools dry and harder to pass.

Staying active prevents constipation and reduces pressure on veins, helping to prevent hemorrhoids.

Losing excess weight can prevent hemorrhoids from forming by decreasing the amount of pressure on your rectal and anal areas.

To help prevent hemorrhoids, avoid long periods of sitting, particularly on the toilet, to avoid putting extra pressure on the rectal and anal areas.

Keeping the anal area clean with daily baths or showers helps relieve pain and swelling of hemorrhoids.

Use moist towelettes or wet toilet paper to wipe after a bowel movement to minimize irritation of hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoid Statistics & Facts

Half of adults have had symptoms of hemorrhoids by age 50.

Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia, which can result in fatigue and weakness.

If blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may become "strangulated," which can cause extreme pain and lead to tissue death (gangrene).

Symptoms of hemorrhoids are thought to affect at least 50% of the US population at some time during their lives.

Around 5% of the US population is affected by hemorrhoids at any given time.

The incidence of hemorrhoids is about the same in males as in females.

Hemorrhoids are more common in Caucasians and those of higher socioeconomic status.

The incidence of hemorrhoids peaks between ages 45 and 6.


Only a small proportion of people with hemorrhoids end up needing surgery.

The first known mention of hemorrhoids is from a 1700BC Egyptian papyrus that recommends an ointment applied to the anus for relief from the affliction.

Hemorrhoids Treatment Remedies plus

The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins in the anus and lower rectum.

Hemorrhoids form when the veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell.

Hemorrhoid cushions are part of normal human anatomy and become a disease only when they experience abnormal changes.

Internal hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that are located inside the rectum

External hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that develop under the skin around the anus.

Hemorrhoid Causes

Factors that cause increased pressure on the rectum and anus are considered potential causes of hemorrhoids.

Straining during bowel movements puts increased pressure on the anus and rectum and can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

Chronic diarrhea or constipation can contribute to hemorrhoids because of increased time sitting on the toilet or straining during bowel movements.

Obesity can cause hemorrhoids because of excess body weight putting pressure on the anus and rectum.

A low-fiber diet can be a factor in the development of hemorrhoids because it leads to constipation, which leads to straining during bowel movements.

Hemorrhoid Symptoms

People with hemorrhoids often have painless bleeding during bowel movements.

People with hemorrhoids may notice small amounts of bright red blue on their toilet tissue or in the toilet bowl.

Hemorrhoids can cause itching and irritation around the anus.

Hemorrhoids may cause pain or discomfort, especially when sitting.

Some people with hemorrhoids may have swelling around the anus.

Hemorrhoid Treatment

Applying ice packs or cold compresses to the anus can help relieve hemorrhoid swelling.

Oral pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can temporarily relieve discomfort from hemorrhoids.

Soaking regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath for 10 to 15 minutes three times a day can help relieve discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

Over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads can be used to treat hemorrhoids that cause only mild discomfort.

Most cases of hemorrhoids can be managed at home, with steps you can take on your own. For more severe cases or if these home remedies are not helping, unlock all health tips for over 24 more treatment suggestions.

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