High Blood Pressure

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Remedies

High Blood Pressure Treatment Remedies


The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is High Blood Pressure

The medical term for high blood pressure is hypertension.

The condition has gained notoriety for being a “silent killer”, due to the fact that many people remain oblivious to having to the condition until it is too late.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Often, people have high blood pressure without knowing it. Symptoms are not always present, therefore it goes undiagnosed for ages.

Without diagnosing and treating the high blood pressure, serious health problems can arise. These go from stroke to kidney failure, all potentially life threatening.

If blood pressure is incredibly high, then symptoms are more likely to occur.

One potential risk in mothers with high blood pressure is a condition called pre-eclampsia. This is where the placenta is not able to function as it should which directly affects the baby’s blood supply from the mother, and in turn the nutrients it receives.

High Blood Pressure Causes

When the high blood pressure is not considered to be caused by an underlying health condition, it is considered to be primary or essential hypertension.

Genetics appear to be important when it comes to high blood pressure. Having a family history of the condition puts you at a far greater risk of developing it yourself.

Individuals who are of African or Caribbean origin are more at risk of developing high blood pressure.

Smoking has been linked to increasing blood pressure.

Some cases of high blood pressure, approximately 10%, are due to an underlying cause. These are therefore called secondary hypertension.

People with kidney disease have an increased risk of suffering from high blood pressure. This is because the body finds it more difficult to control the water content of the blood.

The narrowing of blood vessels may lead to an increase in blood pressure as the blood tries to squeeze through a smaller space.

Cushing’s syndrome is a hormonal condition where high blood pressure is a common occurrence.

Diabetes sufferers are more at risk of suffering from high blood pressure.

There is believed to be a link between high blood pressure and the oral contraceptive pill. This is why clinicians will take a reading every few months to ensure there are no problems.

Certain auto-immune conditions that affect the body’s tissues, such as lupus, are known to also cause elevated blood pressure.

Recreational drugs that have an overall stimulating effect, such as cocaine and amphetamine, will also cause blood pressure to rise.

Some herbal supplements may have links to higher blood pressure, but more research needs to be done to understand these links.

High Blood Pressure Diagnosis

Blood pressure should be checked a minimum of once every five years in adults over the age of 40.

A doctor will only know if you have high blood pressure by measuring it.

Blood pressure is always measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg)

Two figures are recorded; a systolic pressure, relating to when the heart pumps blood out, and diastolic, which is the pressure during the heart’s resting phase.

The textbook standard blood pressure is 120/80mmHg, but some deviation from this is normal.

You are deemed to suffer from high blood pressure if a reading of 140/90mmHg or higher is seen.

Blood pressure below 130/80mmHg is normal.

When the doctor describes a blood pressure as being 128 over 94, they mean that you have a systolic pressure of 128mmHg and a diastolic pressure of 94mmHg.

Blood pressure testing can be done in the clinic, but it can also be done at home.

Those at risk of high blood pressure should have theirs checked annually.

Traditionally, blood pressure was measured using a device called a sphygmomanometer, consisting of an arm cuff, stethoscope, dial and valve.

To use the sphygmomanometer, the doctor first places a cuff around your arm to restrict flow. They then gradually release the grip until a particular scratching type sound can be heard through the stethoscope. The pressure at which this occurs is the systolic pressure. Then the cuff is further deflated until the diastolic pressure can also be ascertained.

The measurement used to be taken on a mercury scale.

Nowadays, many doctors tend to use a digitalized sphygmomanometer. These use electrical sensors rather than a doctor having to judge it. The devices are validated according to national guidelines and recommended in clinics.

Prior to having a blood pressure reading, you should have been to the bathroom to empty your bladder and rested for five minutes.

Blood pressure should be taken in a sitting position, as standing up alters the blood pressure reading.

One raised reading does not mean you suffer from high blood pressure. Blood pressure tends to fluctuate throughout the day, and feeling of stress or anxiety can also alter it.

Multiple readings should be taken to try and reduce the impact of stress and anxiety on the readings.

A urine or blood test may be used to check for conditions known to cause elevated blood pressure.

Portable testing kits may be required to allow you to test at home, perhaps giving a more accurate reading, especially in cases of people who suffer from extreme anxiety whilst in the medical setting.

High Blood Pressure Treatment

The risk of cardiovascular disease will also be assessed. This is done mainly on family history but also by looking at lifestyle and general health.

Those with high blood pressure but low risk of cardiovascular disease will be encouraged to make some life type changes and potentially offered annual testing.

It is best to reduce your alcohol intake if you wish to reduce your blood pressure. Alcohol is laden with carbohydrates, so cutting down will not only reduce your blood pressure, but also your waist line and your pockets.

Smoking is generally bad for the body, but this is especially the case when it comes to high blood pressure. This is due to an increased risk of getting heart and lung issues.

Losing weight is generally advised when trying to lower blood pressure. You should aim for a BMI between 19 and 2.


Reducing the amount of caffeine you consume may help to lower your blood pressure, especially if you are a bit of a coffee or Red Bull addict.

The more healthy lifestyle changes you make, the greater the effect on your blood pressure.

Often, those who make the changes will be able to avoid medications altogether when it comes to blood pressure.

Medication is sometime unavoidable, especially in cases of high blood pressure where there is a greatly increased risk of cardiovascular disease or stroke.

There is an enormous range of medications available. A combined approach is generally used to treat hypertension.

Your age is the main consideration when choosing the initial medication.

In individuals under the age of 55, either an angiotensin receptor blocker or ACE inhibitor is the first line of action.

An ACE inhibitor works by relaxing the blood vessels, therefore allowing blood to flow more smoothly and reducing the pressure on the system.

Adults older than 55 will usually be offered a calcium channel blocker as their first treatment.

Calcium channel blockers reduce the activity of the heart and blood vessel muscles slightly, allowing them to become more relaxed and lower the blood pressure. The arteries are much wider, therefore blood can pass through much easier and the heart doesn’t need to work as hard.

Drinking grapefruit juice can increase the risk of side effects from calcium blockers. This will be outlined by the doctor or pharmacist if this is the case.

Some patients remain on blood pressure lowering medications for the rest of their life. On the other hand, others only need to take them for a few years.

Many medications do produce side effects, but because there are multiple different drugs able to help, your doctor will just switch approach if any problems arise.

ACE inhibitors do sometimes cause a persistent dry cough for a long period of time.

If the drugs cause pain around the kidneys, it is vital to inform the doctor right away.

Some individuals may suffer from a skin rash due to taking medications for blood pressure.

In some people, the feet will swell as the body removes more fluid from the blood into the tissues. If this becomes problematic, it is vital to seek medical advice before ceasing the tablets.

Diuretics, also known as water pills, allow excess water and salt to be removed from the body via the kidneys. In some instances, these may be a better option than calcium channel blockers.

Beta-blockers work by calming the heart down, causing it to beat more slowly and therefore reducing the blood pressure. This used to be a popular treatment, but nowadays they are only used when other treatments fail.

High Blood Pressure Prevention

By eating a balanced diet, you greatly reduce your risk of suffering from high blood pressure.

Salt has been shown to elevate the blood pressure when consumed in high amounts. It is therefore recommended to eat no more than 6g a day, approximately a teaspoon.

Your diet should have lots of fiber in, such as wholegrain rice and pasta.

Eating fruit and vegetables keeps your body in good condition. It is recommended that an adult should consume five 80g portions of fruit and vegetables daily.

Regular alcohol drinking sessions can increase the risk of high blood pressure.

Men should not be drinking more than 3 to 4 units per day on a regular basis

Women are recommended to keep their alcohol intake between 2 and 3 units per day.

Having more than 4 cups of coffee in a day increases the risk of high blood pressure. Energy drinks are especially dangerous as they contain much higher concentrations of caffeine compared to regular soda. Therefore, it is recommended that such beverages be kept to a minimum.

Being overweight means that your heart must work harder to pump the blood around your body. Losing a few pounds will make a huge difference to your blood pressure reading.

Regular exercise not only helps with weight control, but it also aids the reduction of high blood pressure. Adults need to do at least 2 and a half hours of moderate exercise weekly. This activity must make you feel warm and out of breath.

Smoking greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. This is because it causes your arteries to narrow, therefore it is recommended that you give up smoking altogether.

High Blood Pressure Statistics & Facts

Over 30% of Americans suffer from high blood pressure

High blood pressure costs almost $50 billion a year in healthcare costs and loss of productivity in the workplace.

High blood pressure is the most common condition to affect the cardiovascular system.

The lower the household income, the more like a person is to suffer from high blood pressure.

It is believe that high blood pressure contributes to roughly 1000 deaths per day.

90% of Americans eat too much salt, one of the key causes of high blood pressure.

When blood pressure is elevated, you are 4 times more likely to suffer from a stroke.

High blood pressure makes you 3 times more likely to die from heart disease.

Over 70% of people who have a stroke are found to have high blood pressure.

In the United States, about 77.9 million (1 out of every 3) adults have high blood pressure.

Data from NHANES 2007–10 showed that of those with high blood pressure, 81.5 percent are aware they have it, 74.9 percent are under current treatment, 52.5 percent have it controlled, 47.5 percent do not have it controlled.

Among adults age 20 and older in the United States, the following have high blood pressure: For non-Hispanic whites, 33.4 percent of men and 30.7 percent of women. For non-Hispanic blacks, 42.6 percent of men and 47.0 percent of women. For Mexican Americans, 30.1 percent of men and 28.8 percent of women.

Projections show that by 2030, prevalence of hypertension will increase 7.2% from 2013 estimates.

A higher percentage of men than women have high blood pressure until age 45. From ages 45–54 and 55–64, the percentage of men and women is similar; after that a much higher percentage of women than men have high blood pressure.

About 69% of people who have a first heart attack, 77% who have a first stroke, and 74% who have congestive heart failure have blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg.

High blood pressure was listed on death certificates as the primary cause of death of 61,762 Americans in 2009.

High blood pressure was listed as a primary or contributing cause of death in about 348,102 of the more than 2.4 million U.S. deaths in 2009.

2009 high blood pressure mortality: 27,668 male deaths (44.8% of deaths from high blood pressure). 20,286 white males - 6,574 black males - 34,094 female deaths (55.2% of deaths from high blood pressure). 26,201 white females - 6,951 black females.

From 1999 to 2009 the death rate from high blood pressure increased 17.1 percent, and the actual number of deaths rose 43.6 percent.

The 2009 overall death rate from high blood pressure was 18.5 per 100,000. Death rates were: 17.0 for white males. 14.4 for white females. 51.6 for black males. 38.3 for black females.

488,000 people diagnosed with high blood pressure were discharged from short-stay hospitals in 2010. Discharges include people both living and dead: 216,000 males. 272,000 females.

The estimated direct and indirect cost of high blood pressure in 2009 is $51.0 billion.

7 out of 10 people having their first heart attack have high blood pressure.

8 out of 10 people having their first stroke have high blood pressure.

7 out of 10 people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure.

Having high blood pressure puts you at risk for heart disease and stroke, which are leading causes of death in the United States.

67 million American adults (31%) have high blood pressure—that’s 1 in every 3 adults.

About 1 in 3 American adults has prehypertension—blood pressure numbers that are higher than normal—but not yet in the high blood pressure range.

Only about half (47%) of people with high blood pressure have their condition under control.

High blood pressure was a primary or contributing cause of death for more than 348,000 Americans in 2009—that's nearly 1,000 deaths each day.

High blood pressure costs the nation $47.5 billion each year. This total includes the cost of health care services, medications to treat high blood pressure, and missed days of work.

High Blood Pressure Treatment Remedies plus

The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is a health condition wherein there is a high pressure of blood against the artery walls, which may lead to heart problems.

The medical term for high blood pressure is hypertension.

The condition has gained notoriety for being a “silent killer”, due to the fact that many people remain oblivious to having to the condition until it is too late.

One may not now that he already has a high blood pressure for years due to lack of apparent symptoms.

This condition develops over the years. Uncontrolled, it will increase one’s risk of serious medical conditions.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Those with greatly elevated blood pressure may suffer from a persistent headache, due to abnormal blood flow to the brain.

High blood pressure can cause blurred or double vision, as the blood vessels in the eyes are incredibly sensitive to pressure.

Nosebleeds may be a sign of high blood pressure, but there are also other possible explanations.

If you have very high blood pressure, you may also suffer from a shortness of breath due to the reduced ability to exchange oxygen at the lungs.

In pregnancy, having your blood pressure checked is especially important as pregnancy itself can induce hypertension.

High Blood Pressure Causes

If you do not do regular exercise, then your risk of developing high blood pressure drastically increases.

Being overweight or obese is bad for the body in general, but especially so when it comes to blood pressure.

Age increases the likelihood of developing primary hypertension as the older you get, the more likely that blood pressure is to rise.

Eating a high-salt diet will increase your risk of getting high blood pressure.

Drinking large amounts of alcohol on a regular basis may lead to abnormal blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Treatment

The exact treatment will depend on the severity of the high blood pressure and whether there are any underlying causes.

If your blood pressure is above 160/100mmHg, you will be offered medication to lower your blood pressure.

Reducing your salt intake is a great way to fight high blood pressure. Ideally, you should aim to consume less than 6g a day.

Eating a healthy, low-fat diet will not only reduce the risk of obesity, but also reduce your blood pressure.

Being physically active is absolutely vital to keep blood pressure at a normal level.

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