Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Remedies

Psoriasis Treatment Remedies


The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is Psoriasis?

Plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis.

The plaques in plaque psoriasis may itch or be painful, and can occur anywhere on the body.

The plaques of plaque psoriasis can even occur on the genitals or inside the mouth.

People with plaque psoriasis may only have a few plaques, or they may have many.

Nail psoriasis is a specific type of psoriasis that affects fingernails and toenails.

Nail psoriasis causes pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration.

Psoriatic nails may become loose and separate from the nail bed, or even cause the nails to crumble.

Scalp psoriasis is a specific type of psoriasis that may only affect the scalp.

Psoriasis on the scalp appears as red, itchy areas with silver-white scales.

The red or scaly areas of scalp psoriasis often extend beyond the hairline.

Scalp psoriasis can lead to flaking of dead skin in the hair that may fall on your shoulders, especially after scratching the scalp.

Guttate psoriasis is a type of psoriasis that affects mainly young adults and children.

Psoriasis Causes

The cause of psoriasis isn't fully known.

Psoriasis is may be related to an immune system problem

Guttate psoriasis is usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as a strep throat.

The T lymphocyte, or T cell, is a specific type of white blood cell that may be a factor in the development of psoriasis.

T cells normally travel throughout the body to fight off foreign substances such as viruses or bacteria.

Effects of overactive immune cells include dilation of blood vessels in the skin around the psoriasis plaques.

Overactive T cells can cause an increase in different types of immune cells that enter the top layer of the skin.

The influx of white blood cells can cause an increase in the production of both healthy skin cells and more white blood cells.

When skin cells grow rapidly, dead skin cells and white blood cells can't slough off quickly enough.

The accumulation of dead skin cells and white blood cells results in thick, scaly patches on the skin's surface that are characteristic of psoriasis.

The cycle of skin cell growth, death and accumulation in psoriasis usually doesn't stop until treatment interrupts the cycle.

What causes the T cells to malfunction in people with psoriasis is not entirely clear.

Psoriasis typically starts or gets worse because of an identifiable trigger. Some triggers may be avoided.

Lithium, a drug prescribed for bipolar disorder, can trigger psoriasis.

Beta blockers, used to treat high blood pressure, may trigger psoriasis.

People who take antimalarial drugs may be more susceptible to psoriasis.

Inverse psoriasis, psoriasis that appears under the arms, in the groin and around the genitals, is worsened by friction and sweating.

Fungal infections can trigger cases of inverse psoriasis.

Psoriasis Symptoms

The red patches on the skin of people with psoriasis may sometimes by painful.

Psoriasis is persistent, long-lasting (chronic) disease.

Psoriasis symptoms may come and go, at times symptoms may be severe, and at others times symptoms get better.

The signs and symptoms of psoriasis vary from person to person.

Children with psoriasis may have small scaling spots on their body.

People with psoriasis may experience itching, burning or soreness of the affected areas of skin.

Psoriasis patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas of skin.

Most types of psoriasis go through cycles.

The symptoms of psoriasis may flare for a few weeks or months, then subside for a time.

Some cases of psoriasis can even go into complete remission.

The lesions of guttate psoriasis are small, water-drop shaped sores on the trunk, arms, let and scalp.

The sores of guttate psoriasis are covered by a fine scale and aren't as thick as typical psoriasis plaques.

Inverse psoriasis mainly affects the skin in the armpits, groin, under the breasts and around the genitals.

Inverse psoriasis causes smooth patches of red, inflamed skin.

Pustular psoriasis is an uncommon form of psoriasis that can occur in widespread patches or in smaller areas of the hands, feet or fingertips.

Pustular psoriasis usually develops quickly, with pus-filled blisters appearing just after the skin becomes red and tender.

The blisters of pustular psoriasis may come and go frequently.

People with widespread pustular psoriasis may develop fever, chills, severe itching and diarrhea.

Erythrodermic psoriasis is the least common type of psoriasis.

Erythrodermic psoriasis can cover the entire body with a red, peeling rash that may itch or burn intensely.

People who have psoriatic arthritis have painful, swollen joints along with the characteristic inflamed, scaly skin.

Psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint in the body.

Psoriatic arthritis can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases can lead to permanent deformity.

If you have psoriasis that makes performing routine tasks difficult, you need to seek help from a physician.

Psoriasis Diagnosis

If you suspect you have psoriasis, you should consult a doctor for an examination.

About 95% of cases of psoriasis can be diagnosed based on a visual skin inspection.

Your doctor will consider the location of the raised, red scales to determine the type and nature of your psoriasis.

The appearance of the border of the plaques, if they have well-defined edges, is one factor a doctor might use to diagnose the type of psoriasis you have.

Doctors may need to decide whether the scaly patches of skin are caused by eczema or psoriasis.

Psoriasis plaques tend to be raised, with well-defined edges, while eczema tends to be flatter with less well-defined edges.

Eczema scales occur on locations that are not typical for psoriasis, such as in front of the elbows or behind the knees.

A biopsy (tissue sample) of a psoriasis plaque shows skin that is thicker and more inflamed than a tissue of skin with eczema.

When diagnosing psoriasis your doctor will want to learn about your family history. About 1/3 of people with psoriasis have a family member with the disease.

Psoriasis Treatment

Some psoriasis treatments focus on removing scales and smoothing the skin.

There is no cure for psoriasis, but there are treatments that can offer significant relief.

Over the counter nonprescription cortisone creams can help control some of the symptoms of mild psoriasis.

Topical corticosteroids improve psoriasis symptoms by suppressing the local immune system.

Topical corticosteroids suppress the immune system, slowing cell turnover, reducing inflammation and itching.

Topical corticosteroids range in strength, from mild to very strong.

Low-potency corticosteroid ointments are usually recommended for sensitive areas, such as the face or skin folds.

Stronger corticosteroid ointments are used for small areas of skin, persistent plaques on the hands or feet, or when weaker steroid treatments have failed.

Medicated foams and scalp solutions are available to treat psoriasis patches on the scalp.

Synthetic forms of vitamin D slow down skin cell growth, and can be applied as a prescription cream or solution to treat mild to moderate psoriasis.

Topical retinoids such as tazarotene (Tazorac) were developed specifically for treating psoriasis. They normalize DNA activity in skin cells and may decrease inflammation.

Over the counter salicylic acid promotes sloughing of dead skin scales and reduces scaling.

Coal tar is probably the oldest treatment for psoriasis. It reduces scaling, itching and inflammation, and has few side effects.

For moderate psoriasis, topical cortisone creams are combined with oral medication or light therapy.

Exposing skin to small amounts of natural sunlight may improve psoriasis symptoms.

Psoriasis Prevention

Because the cause of the initial onset of psoriasis is not known, prevention is limited to preventing or reducing the flare-ups.

Anything that can reduce mental and emotional stress may help prevent psoriasis flare -ups and improve symptoms.

Some people with psoriasis have found that meditation can relieve stress, improve sleep and improve psoriasis.

A large US study showed that women who regularly participate in vigorous exercise are less likely to get psoriasis than women who are less active.

Some people with psoriasis benefit from taking courses in stress management or finding a therapist to help with stress management.

There are online communities that connect people living with psoriasis, so they can share their experiences and learn from each other.

Moisturizing creams won't heal psoriasis, but they can reduce itching and scaling and can help combat dryness that results from other therapies.

Psoriasis Statistics & Facts

Family history of psoriasis is the most significant risk factor.

Having one parent with psoriasis increases the risk of getting the disease, and having 2 parents with psoriasis increases your risk even more.

People with HIV are more likely to develop psoriasis than people with healthy immune systems are.

Children and young adults who have recurring bacterial infections, particularly strep throat, may be more likely to develop psoriasis.

Excess weight increases the risk of psoriasis. Plaques often develop in skin creases and folds.

Smoking cigarettes may increase the severity of the disease and may play a role in the initial development of psoriasis.

Psoriasis is independently associated with stress-related disorders, such as PTSD.

The itch of psoriasis may have a bigger impact on quality of life than the visible effect of the disease.

Doctors were once taught that psoriatic patients couldn’t have both itch and pain, but scientists now know that itch and pain signals travel along different pathways in the spinal cord.

Psoriasis Treatment Remedies plus

The contents of this app are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. The information provided should not be considered as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor or other healthcare professional.

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that changes the life cycle of skin cells.

Psoriasis causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin.

When skin cells build up rapidly, the extra skin cells form thick, silvery scales that are characteristic of psoriasis.

There are several different types of psoriasis, including Plaque psoriasis, Nail psoriasis and Scalp psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis is the most common.

Plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red areas of skin, called plaques that are covered with silvery scales.

Psoriasis Causes

Psoriasis may be the result of a person's immune system attacking healthy skin cells by mistake.

Psoriasis is a result of an ongoing cycle of white blood cells stimulating skin cell growth, new skin cells moving to the outermost layer, then sloughing off too quickly.

Researchers have found genes that are linked to the development of psoriasis, but environmental factors also play a role.

Some cases of psoriasis may be triggered by skin injury, such as a cut or scrape, bug bite or severe sunburn.

Emotional stress, cold weather, cigarette smoking and certain medications can trigger a flare- up of psoriasis.

Psoriasis Symptoms

People with psoriasis have patches of itchy, dry red skin.

People with psoriasis have red patches of skin that are covered by silvery scales.

Dry, cracked skin that is more prone to bleeding can be a sign of psoriasis.

People with psoriasis may have thickened, pitted or ridged fingernails or toenails.

Swollen and stiff joints may be symptoms of psoriasis.

Psoriasis Treatment

The primary goal of treatment of psoriasis is to stop the skin cells from growing so quickly.

Slowing the growth of new skin cells reduces inflammation and psoriasis plaque formation.

Psoriasis treatments can be divided into three main types: topical treatments, light therapy and systemic medications.

Topical corticosteroid creams are the most frequently prescribed medications for treating mild to moderate psoriasis.

Anthralin is a medication used to treat psoriasis. Anthralin normalizes DNA activity in skin cells and can remove scale.

pub 48 Diagnosing and Treating

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